Every year on 26th September, the World Contraception Day is celebrated and supported by a coalition of 16 international Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), governmental organizations and scientific and medical societies with an interest in sexual and reproductive health
Launched in 2007, WCD’s mission is to improve awareness of contraception and to enable young people to make informed choices about their sexual and reproductive health.
Access to safe, voluntary family planning is an essential component of human rights and is central to gender equality and women’s empowerment. Better access to contraceptives leads to improvement in the health of women, children and communities.
It delays the first birth, prevents unintended pregnancies, reduces unsafe abortions, and enables spacing of births. When women use contraception, it gives them time to recover between pregnancies, leading to a reduced risk of maternal deaths. With proper birth spacing, children are more than twice as likely to survive infancy and have a healthier childhood.
Probably the most common and easily accessible form of contraception condoms is the only type of contraception that can both prevent pregnancy and protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
There are two types of condoms: male condoms and female condoms.
The oral contraceptive pill contains synthetic versions of one or both of the female sex hormones responsible for ovulation. The pill acts to suppress ovulation and causes changes to the uterus (womb) to prevent fertilization and pregnancy. The pills are taken daily for three weeks, with a break in the fourth week for menstruation. You also have the option to go for a Progestin-only contraceptive pill (POPs)
Emergency contraception prevents pregnancy if you have not used contraception or think your usual method of contraception has failed.
Both types of emergency contraception are effective at preventing pregnancy if they are used soon after unprotected sex, and have to be taken within 72 hours (three days) of sex.
The contraceptive injections Depo-Provera and Noristerat are usually given into a muscle in your bottom, although sometimes may be given in a muscle in your upper arm. It steadily releases the hormone progestogen into your bloodstream. Progestogen is similar to the natural hormone progesterone, which is released by a woman’s ovaries during her period.
The contraceptive implant is a small flexible tube about 40mm long that’s inserted under the skin of your upper arm. It’s inserted by a trained professional, such as a doctor, and lasts for three years.
The implant stops the release of an egg from the ovary by slowly releasing progestogen into your body. Progestogen also thickens the cervical mucus and thins the womb lining. This makes it harder for sperm to move through your cervix, and less likely for your womb to accept a fertilized egg.
Hormone-releasing intrauterine systems (IUS)
Also known as ‘the coil’ an IUS releases a progestogen hormone into the womb. This thickens the mucus from your cervix, making it difficult for sperm to move through and reach an egg. It also thins the womb lining so that it’s less likely to accept a fertilized egg. It may also stop ovulation (the release of an egg) in some women.
The IUS is a long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) method. It works for five years or three years, depending on the type, so you don’t have to think about contraception every day or each time you have sex.
Please seek advice from your doctor before considering any of these forms of contraception, in order to aid you to make the best decision suited to you.